Hypertension is a silent disease that can be fatal
Yet up to half of the people with hypertension may be unaware they have it, as they do not exhibit any signs or symptoms. This is why hypertension is considered a silent disease and a global public health issue. The only way to know whether a person has hypertension is by having their blood pressure checked.
WHAT ARE THE IMPORTANT HYPERTENSION STATISTICS?
Around the world, hypertension affects about 1.13 billion people. It is the leading global risk for death. Hypertension is responsible for 1 in 8 (12.8%) deaths worldwide.
of people with hypertension don’t know they have it.
In men, the prevalence is around 24%.
In women, the prevalence is around 20%.
In patients over 60 years old,the prevalence increases to 60%.
World Health Organisation. A global brief on hypertension Silent killer, public health crisis.. Published April 2013. Accessed December 16, 2019.
HOW CAN HYPERTENSION AFFECT THE BODY?
When a patient has hypertension, his heart has to work harder to ensure the flow of blood around the body. Over time, this high pressure can gradually weaken the heart and damage artery walls, leading to changes in blood flow. All these situations lead to an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (stroke, heart disease, and heart failure). Other parts of the body, including the kidneys, limbs, and eyes, may also suffer damage.
when the brain’s blood supply is interrupted, leading to a rapid loss of brain function
Coronary heart disease: when fatty deposits clog the main arteries that supply your heart, which become clogged up
Heart attack: when the blood supply to your heart is blocked
when kidneys become less efficient at removing toxins, fluid and waste accumulate
Loss of vision:
when damage occurs in small blood vessels in the retina
when blood vessels narrow, possibly leading to heart attacks and strokes
WHO ARE THE “BAD FRIENDS” OF HYPERTENSION?
High levels of LDL-cholesterol in the blood, which are associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis or coronary heart disease.
Occurs when the cells of the body do not respond well to insulin, a hormone controlling blood sugar levels. As a result, blood sugar levels rise. High blood sugar levels over a prolonged period lead to complications such as stroke, foot ulcers, and eye damage.
Coronary artery disease:
A limitation of blood flow to the heart leads to a lack of oxygen for myocardial cells. A common symptom is chest pain, which often occurs during exercise.
Chronic kidney disease:
Occurs when kidneys do not function properly
over a period of months or years, leading to complications such as cardiovascular disease, anemia, or pericarditis.